'The Way of Drawing'. Born from Ken-Jutsu. A technique of sword-fighting with the aim of drawing the sword as quickly as possible and strike the enemy before he has time to use his own sword. According to tradition founded in 1560 by Hayashizaki Jinnosuke Shigenobu with his Iai-jutsu-school. His techniques were perfected by Eishin in the 18th century. Iaido has turned into an art focused on concentration, precision and speed. Beside ceremonial gestures and bows, it consists of a series of Kata and symbolic actions (such as shaking blood from the surface of the sword blade before it is returned to the sheath). These Kata are performed standing, kneeling, sitting or lying down. The movements consist of 20 ways to draw the sword and 50 ways of cutting; draw the sword from the scabbard swiftly and strike the enemy in the same movement. These kata are subject to very strict regulations prescribed by the Japanese federations, regulations which are regularly adapted under the influence of different styles and professors.
Horsemanship combined with archery (Kyuba) originating from the Kamakura period (1185-1333). Muffled arrows are fired from horseback at deer, monkeys or dogs. The purpose was to knock them down without injuring them.