'Science of Concord'. a synthesis of Judo, Aikido and Karate founded in 1983 by Jacques Quero. Based on the old Budo-spirit with no sympathy for tournaments and spectacular techniques. The emphasis lies on the harmonious development of mind and body; the purpose is to reach universal harmony (Wa) within oneself. "There is only one person to be conquered in Wa-jutsu - oneself." Trainings consist mainly of Kata and Randori.
'Art of War'. The collective name for a multitude of Chinese Martial arts schools and styles. The Western society calls them indiscriminately Kung-fu. Wushu has always flourished all over China. In 1928 the Chinese government tried tu unify all these Wushu-styles in a national sport, but without much succes. This was tried again during the time of Mao Zedong, but the schools continued to multiply and diversify even further. Two main approaches exist.
Neijia emphasizes inner force, the study of vital points and medicine, with a philosophical bias. Weijia prefers the use of force and rapid movement.
Schools use either exclusively unarmed techniques, or the use of weapons, or a mixture of both. Uniforms range from simple to elaborate. The use of coloured sashes to distinguish degrees of skill can also be found. Competitions take the form of displays of skill, boxing and fighting with or without weapons. Terminology can often vary enormously according to the region.